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Fire safety

Our research program on Fire Safety focuses on the initiation of fires in various materials and situations, the growth of fires, ways to suppress them, human behavior during fires, and organizational and technical precautions against fire threats.



Smoldering fires

Smoldering fires

Combustion at low temperatures and without flames - like when a newly extinguished candle smoke - distinguishes smoldering fires. Easily overlooked, these fires may lead to flaming fires and explosions. Our research covers initiation of smoldering fires in several materials and geometries, their spontaneous transition to flaming fire, ways to extinguish smoldering fires, modeling using cellular automata, and emergency management for smoldering scenarios.

Tunnel fires

Tunnels are an inseparable part of road infrastructure. Tunnel fires may generate high temperatures and high heat fluxes that can hinder evacuation, render impossible fire-fighting, damage tunnel structure, lead to long-lasting closure, cause economic losses, and lead to fatalities. We focus on the dynamics of tunnel fires through computational fluid dynamics. In particular, we analyze the influence of emergency response systems on the dynamics of tunnel fires.

Tunnel fires



Cooling hot surfaces

Cooling hot surfaces

Evaporation and cooling in focus. How does hot surface temperature influence evaporation and water spray efficiency in Oil & Gas fires? How does evaporation of flammable liquids and water depend on the physical properties of the air?
Slogan: "Stay cool!"



Simulation of fire scenarios

Simulation of fire scenarios

Simulation of various fire scenarios allows predictions in situations where physical experiments would be too expensive and time-consuming. Simulation tools such as Fire Dynamic Simulator (FDS), a Computing Fluid Dynamic program (CFD), is in particular able to predict fire behaviour in enclosed spaces like rooms in buildings or ships.
However, validation of computer codes like FDS and similar sub-models against experiments remains an important activity.



Emergency management

Emergency management

Emergency management is the process of planning, preparing, and responding to accidents and disasters, in addition to normalisation after incidents. Essential in this process is the establishment of a suitable and appropriate emergency response arrangement based on identified hazards and risks, followed by training, testing, and evaluating the performance of response personnel and systems.



Moisture content and fire behaviour

Moisture content and fire behaviour

How fast do wooden materials and shrubs dry and how does low moisture content influence compartment fires and wildfires.
In cold climates?
Slogan: "Dry dangers!"


Flame characteristics

Flame characteristics

As a flame hits a ceiling it will be forced to change direction and follow the ceiling. This leads to a significantly increase in the thermal radiation from the smoke layer to objects below.

For free-standing flames, images processing of pictures taken by a high-speed camera allows one to resolve transient patterns in the flame.


Fire prevention and risk studies

Fire prevention and risk studies

The research is related to industry, tunnel, maritime, building and wildland fire risk domains including barrier assessment and risk based inspection, failure probabilities, performance of prevention and mitigation systems, dynamic risk development, human exposure as well as developing new risk indicators and assessment methodologies.
Slogan: "Prevention is better than cure!"


Contact information

Program leader Vidar Frette, Stord/Haugesund University College

Sida ble sist oppdatert: 22.11.2016